WOMEN AT WAR; WOMEN IN WAR; A WOMAN'S WAR, WOMEN AND WAR, AUSTRALIAN WOMEN AT WAR; AUSTRALIAN WOMEN IN WAR; NURSES IN WAR; NURSES AT WAR  
BRAVE WOMEN
This page is dedicated to the women's history of the South Pacific area
who have served history. Women at war and serving peace in Oceania have remained largely undocumented in history and nursing history. This page sets out to redress the balance and links to women's history and their works.


Women's history
Women's history
Sketches drawn by the late Betty Jeffrey in 1997 illustrating POW camp dress
This is the Doorway to many Related Pages
and a wealth of historical knowledge
(please click below on your choice)
Contributors
(Click on Index Name)
ANGELL - Dot
BELL - Thelma (McEachern) 
BLANCH - Jessie (Eaton-Lee) 
BULLWINKEL - Vivian (Statham) 
CLINCH - Von
CULLEN - Mavis (Cation) 
GIBSON - Mary (Everard) 
JEFFREY - Betty
McLEOD - Maureen (Spicer) 
ORAM - Wilma (Young)
RAYNER - Jan (Mills)
SAVAGE - Nell
SETCHELL - Margaret (Hamilton) 
SIMONS - "Jessie" Elizabeth (Hookway) 
TWOHILL - Sr. M. Berenice
WHYTE - Lorna (Johnston)
Incidents
(Click on Index Name)

BANGKA ISLAND - massacre 
CN-ASTV - civilian surgical teams, Vietnam
EMPIRE STAR - voyage from Singapore 
AHS CENTAUR - sinking of;
LEST WE FORGET - tributes 
INDIGENOUS SISTERS - torture of
LONG XUYEN - before and after the Tet Offensive
RABAUL NURSES - transported to Japan 
TOL PLANTATION - massacre
VIETNAM - Australian Civilian Nurses in 
VYNER BROOKE- the sinking of 
VUNAPOPE MISSION - brutal internment of 
WAH SUI Incident - nurses abandoned

More...
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©Although Angell Productions is a Commercial Company, the "Brave Women" segment of its website is voluntary. All material thereon is copyright to the contributors and must not be reproduced, downloaded or otherwise replicated without written permission from Angell Productions.
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Our thanks to the Department of Veterans' Affairs
for its grant to enable the writing of
"A Woman's War" - biography of Wilma Oram Young under the project banner
"Their Service Our Heritage"
A prisoner under the Japanese
she lived to become one of Australia's great heroes!
NEW HOLLAND PUBLISHERS - 2003
Click here for further details
""
 
DVA

Women's history of Rabaul nurses
The Forgotten Prisoners of Rabaul:
Eleven civilian and six army nurses who were taken to Japan as Prisoners of War from Rabaul  in 1942 and who lived through appalling conditions there 1942 to 1945. Click here for the story.

Mavis Cullen (L) and Kay Parker
Rabaul nurses, later POWs in Japan
Photo from the personal collection of Mavis (Cullen) Cation


Women Prisoners of War from Rabaul:
Civilian nurses from Namanula Hospital:
Alice Bowman, Mary Goss, Grace Kruger, Joyce McGahan, Jean McLellan, Dorothy Maye, Joyce Olroyd-Harris.
Civilian Methodist Mission nurses:
Dorothy Beale,  Jean Christopher, Mavis Green,  Dora Wilson
Australian Army nurses:
Jean Anderson, Eileen Callaghan, Mavis Cullen, Daisy Keast, Kathleen (Kay) Parker, Lorna Whyte
Other civilians:
Mrs. Kathleen Bignall (plantation owner, New Britain)
Mrs. Etta Jones (American school teacher, Aleutian islands)

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The Wah Sui Incident- named after the rust bucket of a Chinese ship that took six Australian nurses and 450 severely wounded soldiers out of Singapore in the 1942 evacuation, only to abandon the nurses in Batavia, leaving them in the path of the advancing Japanese army. This is a vital part of women's history.Click here for a full eye-witness account.

Pictured in Adelaide after their return:
LtoR: Molly Campbell, (host),Von Dwyer, Thelma Bell
three nurses from the "Wah Sui"
Photo from the personal collection of Thelma (Bell) McEachern

 

The Wah Sui Nurses were:
Aileen Irving (Charge Sister), Veronica Dwyer, Vi Haig, Iva Craig, Molly Campbell and Thelma Bell 

 

The sinking of the Vyner Brooke in Bangka Strait 1942
A collection of eye-witness accounts to add to women's history, stories of bravery and tragedy. Click here.


Victims of the Vyner Brooke sinking, presumed lost at sea, were: 
Matron O.D. Paschke, RRC - and Sisters L.M.J. Bates, E. Calnan, M.D. Clarke, M.H.M. Dorsch, C.M. Ennis, K. Kinsella, G.M. McDonald, L.J. Russell, M. Schuman, A.M. Trenerry, M.M. Wilton.

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Women's history in the perilous journey of the Empire Star:
Meanwhile aboard another evacuation ship the "Empire Star" two of the nurses protected their patients with their own bodies when the ship was attacked. A brave episode in women's history! They were later decorated for their bravery. Click here for Margaret Hamilton's eye witness account.

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The "White Coolies" - 32 Australian army nurses taken Prisoner of War after their evacuation ship was wrecked. The women spent 1942 to 1945 in prison camps in Sumatra and on Bangka Island. Wilma OramEight of them did not survive the conditions. Individual stories are told in this inspiring episode in women's history. Click here to read that of one of the survivors, Wilma Oram Young:
 
 
 

Wilma Oram (pictured).Photo from the personal collection of Wilma (Oram) Young

A full biography of Wilma (Oram) Young "A Woman's War" will be published in 2003 by New Holland Publishers. Meanwhile read the short word portrait and enjoy meeting a remarkable and very brave woman.

Don't miss reading the remarkable diaries of Betty Jeffrey:"White Coolies"(Angus & Robertson, 1954)
Watch out for "A Woman's War" biography of Wilma Oram Young, available soon through this Web Site!



The nurses who became prisoners of war (the "White Coolies") in Sumatra were:
Those who died there:
W.M. Davis, R.D. Freeman, D.S. Gardam, P.B. Hempsted, G.L. Hughes, P.B. Mittelhauser, W.R. Raymont, I.A. Singleton.
Those who returned home in 1945:
J.C. Ashton, K.C. Blake, J.J. Blanch, V. Bullwinkel, V.R. Clancy, C.E.M. Delforce, J.G. Doyle, J. Greer, J.P. Gunther, E.M. Hannah, I. Harper, N. James, A.B. Jeffrey, V.I. McElnea, S.J. Muir, W.E.F. Oram, C.S.M. Oxley, E.M. Short, J.E. Simons, V.E. Smith, A.C. Syer, F.E. Trotter, J. Tweddell, B. Woodbridge.

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The Bangka Island massacre.The 21 Australian army nurses who were massacred on the beach at Bangka Island  on 16 February 1942. Sole survivor Vivian Bullwinkel also survived the prison camps and told the full story. Click here for her eye-witness account.


Victims of the massacre were: 
Matron I.M. Drummond and Sisters E.L. Balfour-Ogilvy,  A.M. Beard, A.J. Bridge, F.R. Casson, M.E. Cuthbertson, D.G.H. Elmes, L.F. Fairweather, P.E. Farmaner, C.I. Halligan, N. Harris, M.I. Hodgson, E.L. Keats, J. Kerr, M.E. McGlade, K.M. Neuss, F.A. Salmon, E.S.J. Stewart, M.M.A. Tait, R.J. Wight, B. Wilmott
And let us not forget the one civilian woman (un-named) who chose to remain with her husband, was present when he was butchered nearby and who walked bravely into the water with the nurses.

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Civilian Nurses - Australian Surgical Teams in Vietnam:
A more recent event in women's history: CN-ASTV is a group of the civilian nurses of the Vietnam War who volunteered to go and help the civilian Vietnamese victims but found themselves mixed up in that thoroughly messy war.
Click here to read some eye-witness accounts.

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Books and Papers:
Where we know of books and papers that are available on any of the above subjects, lists of titles, authors and publishers can be found on the applicable linked pages.

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angellpro.com.au the domain of

Dr Barb Angell,
Bundanoon, NSW 2578
Australia

Email: biz@angellpro.com.au
Phone: 0417 192 055


Links within this site
The Bangka Island massacre  .  The Tol Plantation massacre  .  Betty Jeffrey  . J.E. Simons  .  Lest We Forget  . 
The prisoners of Rabaul The Vyner Brooke sinking  . Wilma Oram Young  . Vivian Bullwinkel
. The Wah Sui Incident  . Civilian nursing teams in Vietnam  . The voyage of the Empire Star  . Vunapope Mission  . Bravery of the Indigenous Sisters  . 


We invite you to send material to be considered for inclusion. This is a FREE service.
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This page is maintained by
Angell Productions Pty Limited



INDEX
This list will continue to expand. Please keep referring to it.
Adams, Margaret Lamont  . Anderson, Margaret  . Angell, Dot  .  Ashton, Jean  .  Bell, Thelma  . Blake, Pat . Blanche, Jessie  .Bullwinkel, Vivian  .  Callaghan, Eileen  .Campbell, Molly  . Clinch, Yvonne  .   Cullen, Mavis Davis, Win  .  Delforce, C.E.M.  .Deal, Patricia  .Dryburgh, Margaret  . Dwyer, Molly  . Everard, Ruby Clarice  .Everard, K. Mary  . Floyd, Jean  . Freeman, Dot  .  Greer, Jenny  . Gunther, Pat  .  Hanna, Margaret "Jean"  . Hannah, Mavis  . Harper, Iole  . James, Nesta  . Jeffrey, Betty  .McFarlane, Mary Hamilton  .  Mittelhauser, "Mitz"Oram, Wilma Parker, Kay  .Rayner, Jan  .Savage, Nell  Simons, Elizabeth  . Setchell, Margaret  . Singleton, Rene . McLeod Spicer, Maureen  Syer, Mickey . Torney, Veronica  . Trotter, Flo . Tweddell, Joyce .Twohill, Sr M. Berenice . Whyte,Lorna  . Wilton, Mona

Other recommended sites on Women's History:
Warlinks  .  UN in Vietnam  . Australian Service Nurses National Memorial   . Australians at War . Australian Women's History  .Australian Nurses' MemorialAustralian War Memorial. Women in World HistoryDistinguished Women of the World
    . Women in the Army  . Captain Barb . Burma Star Association  . Korean War Veterans support